II1IARD_FRONTE300dpi

Italian Navy Ships Radio Stations Award

Dear Sparks,

in the next hours will start the A.R.M.I. yearly Event dedicated to Italian Navy Ships Radio Callsigns at the end of which will be realsed a special Award. You are kindly invited to take part at the Event and for all details click on the following URL (I try to send you the page in English version, if the link doesn’t start in English, at the head of the page you can see a square with lots of little flags, click on the flag of your Country and you will have the page translated automatically):

http://translate.google.com/translate?client=tmpg&hl=en&langpair=it|en&u=http%3A//www.assoradiomarinai.it/

when the page will open scroll down until on the left side you read: IT Navy Ship RS Award ***than click

For the year 2017 , the period of the activity was launched from September 9 to September 24, 2017 , to see the rule click here , to download it as PDF [english rules].

The Jolly station is II8IHBC – VESUVIO SHIP

The list of stations accredited for the year 2017 is as follows (being updated):

# MI NAME SHIP GUY OPERATED FROM
36 II0IABB ELECTRA Auxiliary IZ0EUX
314 II1IGGA aquilante School ship I2AZ
1049 II9IADP DURAND DE LA PENNE Destroyer IT9GHW
1210 II2IAOG PHOENIX Corvette I2QIL
1213 II1IAMN LUIGI RIZZO Frigate IZ1VNT
1221 II0IADC CORSARO II School ship IZ0FVD
1259 II0IHMW VIAREGGIO Minesweeper IU0DZA
1300 II8IHBC VESUVIUS Team Spare IU8CEU
1316 II5IACF ALPINE Frigate IZ5KID
1330 II9IABA ARETUSA hydrographic IT9MRM
1333 II9IHPM ALBATROS Corvette IT9CKA

The Souther Cross above of us (movie 1965)

Dear Sparks,

in this article I propose to Russian speaking an old Russian movie of year 1965.

The movie is a story of two young russian pioneers they meet at the Pole after many years and remembered togheter the times of their childhood during which they met an old explorer and radio amateur who lived in their village who taught them the radio telegraphy, part of the film takes place in the house of the old explorer where in front of an homemade radio equipment,  the boys, in particular Fiodor, learns the morse and radiocommunication procedures.

Enjoy the movie!

73’s webmaster

SV5 PH2M MM

Sailing Vessel “GanGan” – TA4/PH2M/MM

Dear Sparks,

Notifying /MM operation from Sunday 3rd Sept – Friday 8th Sept.
R’s John/G4ETQ:

Frank, PH2M

“I will be QRV again from Turkish territorial waters as TA4/PH2M/MM from our sailing vessel ‘GanGan‘ this coming week.

I hope to be QRV from Sunday morning September 3rd till Friday afternoon September 8th in SSB and WSPR-TX on 40/30/20/17/12/10M for the 5th year in a row -).  Also on air WSPR-TX with TA4/PA3GUV/MM.

Equipment: SSB – Icom IC-7000 / 100W + WSPR-TX – QRPlabs Ultimate U3s 200~300 mW / 2x EndFed wire antennas (40/20/10 + 30/17/12M)

Info: https://www.qrz.com/db/TA4/PH2M & https://www.qrz.com/db/TA4/PA3GUV
QSL via buro, direct, LoTW. Online log via Club Log: https://secure.clublog.org/logsearch/TA4/PH2M/M

73’s
webmaster
MS_Prisendam_sinking_off_Alaska_with_USCG_HH-3F_1980

Even if satellites failed, the 500kHz band was still there to help

Dear Sparks,

our Friend Marcin Marciniak SP5XMI has created a nice Facebook account for Maritime Radio I suggest to follow:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/148087645522509/

Marcin reported me a very interesting article about the RESCUE operation occured during the sinking of the Passenger ship PRINSENDAM c/s PJTA, our colleague David J. RING was the Radio Officer who, from the Super Tanker “WILLAMSBURGH” c/s WGOA, replies at first at the SOS call launched on 500 kc/s. WGOA reached the vessel in distress where assisted passengers and crew members abandoned the ship.

******article*****

It was 04 of October 1980, late night in the Gulf of Alaska on Pacific Ocean. 500kc was already quiet as the R/Os were off watch and some vessels used satellite communication. Around midnight local time, 12 four seconds long dashes were sent followed by a message:
SOS SOS SOS DE PJTA PJTA PJTA PASSENGER SHIP PRINSENDAM POSITION 57. 38N 140. 25WEST. FIRE IN ENGINE ROOM. FLOODING ENGINE ROOM WITH CARBON DIOXIDE. CONDITIONS UNKNOWN. PASSENGERS 320. CREW 190

Next messages were even worse:
EXACT SITUATION UNKNOWN AS ENGINE ROOM CLOSED TO LET THE CO2 DO ITS WORK.

ENGINE ROOM ON FIRE AND FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ARE EMPTY

The Prinsendam/PJTA was 140m long, built in Merwede, Holland, took about 500 persons on board. She was about 120 miles North of Yakutat. The fire started before midnight in the engine room. Chief engineer and the crew were doing everything possible to extinguish the fire, including flooding the whole engine room with carbon dioxide. About one hour later the fire went out of control so the captain called Kodiak Coast Guard/NOJ via satellite asking for assistance. The station replied that if there is any danger the distress signal should be sent. Captain refused to do so. Less than a hour later the the SATCOMs ceased functioning due to heavy list to the starboard. The R/O on duty has sent the SOS by his own authority. He was sure that it was the only way of saving the ship and all the people (including himself!) because the old man was shocked and probably out of control too. Fortunately for the passengers and the crew the R/O (Jack van der Zee) sent the distress signal and the old systems on 500kcs were still in place. Fortunately there was a supertanker m/v Williamsburgh/WGOA nearby that had the autoalarm turned on and then the R/O could receive the distress signal. The tanker and the Coast Guard saved all the people aboard. The Prinsendam went under a few days later. The recording of the distress signal and the Williamsburgh’s log can be found on the Internet. Jack van der Zee was a national hero of Holland because over 500 persons owed him life.

1980_Prinsendam photo USCG_Page_02

P/S PRINSENDAM sinking

Prinsendam rescue operation is still a classic example of two security systems working on different principles that used different kind of communication media. One of them worked as intended. What if there wasn’t any R/O on board?

prinsendam ro

R/O David J. RING (he was on board Supertanker “WILLIAMSBURGH”

prinsendam sos

Radio Log of SS “WILLIAMSBURGH”

williamsburgh

VLCC “WILLIAMSBURGH”

The distress signal – (Youtube clip with subtitles to be embedded)

73s,  Marcin

DL6MLA/MM – Photo Report

Dear Sparks,

our colleague R/O Karl SCHMIDT DL6MLA is back from his voyage on board M/V “HENNEKE RAMBOW”. Karl during this voyage touched the ports of Rotterdam-Tilbury-Tenerife-Las Palmas-Agadir-Casablanca-Huelva-Setubal-Tilbury-Rotterdam-Hamburg and during his activity as /MM he made 784 QSOs with 62 entities in log with a lot of ex R/Os. Yesterday I received lots of pictures he took during his time at sea and I decided to propose you some of them.

Dear Karl, many thanks for good emotions and we wait for your next trip!

H.R. built in 2007Shipyard plaque of “Henneke Rambow”

Antennenausgang

Wire antenna feedpoint outside of Karl’s cabin

Antennenverlauf

Wire antenna used by Karl…599 everywhere…

DL6MLAmm

Karl at work

H. R. auf See

M/V Henneke Rambow at sea

H.R. Engine Controlroom

Engine Control Room

H. Rambow vor der Elphi

The ship at dock “STARBOARD SIDE ALONGSIDE”

73’s

webmaster

 

 

Military Review: School of Telegraphists

In Minsk (Byelorussia) 16 April 2016.

While most of the draftees are just preparing for a new period in life, future military signalers are already confidently transmitting radiograms and learning codes. The DOSAAF training center was visited by our correspondents (Minsk TV Network).

73’s

webmaster

Central Italy earthquake one year ago

Dear Sparks,

I know, this is a website where we usually have News very different from this one, you should excuse me if tonight my toughts go back to one year ago when the earthquake destroyed the magnificient places close to my region, so this evening I want to remember the sad tragedy where 300 people lost their lives, below a clip, before the quake, of Norcia a Middle Ages town; my thoughts to all common men and women of those places will rebuilt their towns without any contribution but only with their fortitude and sacrifice because in Italy these are the facts!

73’s

webmaster

PANAMA

Cyber threats prompt return of radio for ship navigation

Following article reported by R/O David BARLOW (G3PLE) and R/O Rolf MARSCHNER (DL9CM)

Press Agency REUTERS: August 7, 2017 / 8:38 AM

LONDON (Reuters) – The risk of cyber attacks targeting ships’ satellite navigation is pushing nations to delve back through history and develop back-up systems with roots in World War Two radio technology.

Ships use GPS (Global Positioning System) and other similar devices that rely on sending and receiving satellite signals, which many experts say are vulnerable to jamming by hackers.

About 90 percent of world trade is transported by sea and the stakes are high in increasingly crowded shipping lanes. Unlike aircraft, ships lack a back-up navigation system and if their GPS ceases to function, they risk running aground or colliding with other vessels.

South Korea is developing an alternative system using an earth-based navigation technology known as eLoran, while the United States is planning to follow suit. Britain and Russia have also explored adopting versions of the technology, which works on radio signals.

The drive follows a series of disruptions to shipping navigation systems in recent months and years. It was not clear if they involved deliberate attacks; navigation specialists say solar weather effects can also lead to satellite signal loss.

Last year, South Korea said hundreds of fishing vessels had returned early to port after their GPS signals were jammed by hackers from North Korea, which denied responsibility.

In June this year, a ship in the Black Sea reported to the U.S. Coast Guard Navigation Center that its GPS system had been disrupted and that over 20 ships in the same area had been similarly affected.

U.S. Coast Guard officials also said interference with ships’ GPS disrupted operations at a port for several hours in 2014 and at another terminal in 2015. It did not name the ports.

A cyber attack that hit A.P. Moller-Maersk’s IT systems in June 2017 and made global headlines did not involve navigation but underscored the threat hackers pose to the technology dependent and inter-connected shipping industry. It disrupted port operations across the world.

The eLoran push is being led by governments who see it as a means of protecting their national security. Significant investments would be needed to build a network of transmitter stations to give signal coverage, or to upgrade existing ones dating back decades when radio navigation was standard.

U.S. engineer Brad Parkinson, known as the “father of GPS” and its chief developer, is among those who have supported the deployment of eLoran as a back-up.

“ELoran is only two-dimensional, regional, and not as accurate, but it offers a powerful signal at an entirely different frequency,” Parkinson told Reuters. “It is a deterrent to deliberate jamming or spoofing (giving wrong positions), since such hostile activities can be rendered ineffective,” said Parkinson, a retired U.S. airforce colonel.

KOREAN STATIONS

Cyber specialists say the problem with GPS and other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) is their weak signals, which are transmitted from 12,500 miles above the Earth and can be disrupted with cheap jamming devices that are widely available.

Developers of eLoran – the descendant of the loran (long-range navigation) system created during World War II – say it is difficult to jam as the average signal is an estimated 1.3 million times stronger than a GPS signal.

To do so would require a powerful transmitter, large antenna and lots of power, which would be easy to detect, they add.

Shipping and security officials say the cyber threat has grown steadily over the past decade as vessels have switched increasingly to satellite systems and paper charts have largely disappeared due to a loss of traditional skills among seafarers.

“My own view, and it is only my view, is we are too dependent on GNSS/GPS position fixing systems,” said Grant Laversuch, head of safety management at P&O Ferries. “Good navigation is about cross-checking navigation systems, and what better way than having two independent electronic systems.”

Lee Byeong-gon, an official at South Korea’s Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, said the government was working on establishing three sites for eLoran test operations by 2019 with further ones to follow after that.

But he said South Korea was contending with concerns from local residents at Gangwha Island, off the west coast.

“The government needs to secure a 40,000 pyeong (132,200 square-meter) site for a transmitting station, but the residents on the island are strongly opposed to having the 122 to 137 meter-high antenna,” Lee told Reuters.

In July, the United States House of Representatives passed a bill which included provisions for the U.S. Secretary of Transportation to establish an eLoran system.

“This bill will now go over to the Senate and we hope it will be written into law,” said Dana Goward, president of the U.S. non-profit Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation, which supports the deployment of eLoran.

“We don’t see any problems with the President (Donald Trump) signing off on this provision.”

The previous administrations of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama both pledged to establish eLoran but never followed through. However, this time there is more momentum.

In May, U.S. Director of National Intelligence Daniel Coats told a Senate committee the global threat of electronic warfare attacks against space systems would rise in coming years.

“Development will very likely focus on jamming capabilities against … Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), such as the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS),” he said.

SPOOFING DANGERS

Russia has looked to establish a version of eLoran called eChayka, aimed at the Arctic region as sea lanes open up there, but the project has stalled for now.

“It is obvious that we need such a system,” said Vasily Redkozubov, deputy director general of Russia’s Internavigation Research and Technical Centre.

“But there are other challenges apart from eChayka, and (Russia has) not so many financial opportunities at the moment.”

Cost is a big issue for many countries. Some European officials also say their own satellite system Galileo is more resistant to jamming than other receivers.

But many navigation technology experts say the system is hackable. “Galileo can help, particularly with spoofing, but it is also a very weak signal at similar frequencies,” said Parkinson.

The reluctance of many countries to commit to a back-up means there is little chance of unified radio coverage globally for many years at least, and instead disparate areas of cover including across some national territories and shared waterways.

The General Lighthouse Authorities of the UK and Ireland had conducted trials of eLoran but the initiative was pulled after failing to garner interest from European countries whose transmitters were needed to create a signal network.

France, Denmark, Norway and Germany have all decided to turn off or dismantle their old radio transmitter stations.

Britain is maintaining a single eLoran transmitter in northern England.

Taviga, a British-U.S. company, is looking to commercially operate an eLoran network, which would provide positioning, navigation and timing (PNT).

“There would need to be at least one other transmitter probably on the UK mainland for a timing service,” said co-founder Charles Curry, adding that the firm would need the British government to commit to using the technology.

Andy Proctor, innovation lead for satellite navigation and PNT with Innovate UK, the government’s innovation agency, said: “We would consider supporting a commercially run and operated service, which we may or may not buy into as a customer.”

Current government policy was “not to run large operational pieces of infrastructure like an eLoran system”, he added.

SEA_LYNX a[2]

M/V SEA LYNX – YO4RYU/MM

Dear Sparks,
I’ve just wrkd Ginel, YO4RYU/MM on RTTY.
Mode: RTTY [J2B]  ( but also wrkg SSB.)
Ship: SEA LYNX
MMSI: 229628000
LOC: IM36QJ
Position: Atlantic ocean abeam Gibraltar.
TR: Bound ULSN, South Korea.
Ginel[1]
SEA_LYNX b[1]
Gd watch. 73 John/G4ETQ.