below few seconds in the radio room of US M/V Samuel L. Cobb.. enjoy the video.
below few seconds in the radio room of US M/V Samuel L. Cobb.. enjoy the video.
The following review and videos by Radio Officer Nino Paglialonga IZ7DJR (Italy)
Dear sparks now a real jewel :
SAILOR R1120 general coverage marine receiver made by S.P. radio in Aalborg Denmark.
Still in production on 1987 this great receiver was quoted more than 30.000 mk on a Finnish marine products price list ( 11.000.000 italian old “ lire “). It isn’t well known and its sizes: 12 h, 45 w, 35 d _cms. (rack system 19’’). R1120 covers 10 kHz to 30 MHz continuosly and automatically switchs 7 front-end band filters. Great RF selectivity due to a tunable preselector on the front-end acting inside each band filter. It is a double conversion receiver 1st if =10,6085 MHz & 16,6085 MHz, 2nd if = 600 kHz, all solid state.
Other filters: 7 (seven!) xtal filters:
2 dedicated to “roofing filtering” and 5 choosen for best mode filtering.
Usb/cw/rtty (Lsb by bfo). Digital display and synth. Down to 100/Hz.
Tuning by numeric dial or continuosly by tune/knob + unlock button.
It is a rock: frequency drift short time= 5 Hz, long time = 25 Hz… per year!
Now my opinions:
177 pages to describe a radio receiver, but 177 seconds o so to use it.
Ergonomic commands , maximum flexibility, one knob per action.
Noise generator for front-end peaking.
A solid, heavy tuning knob: smooth action, nice feeling (inside: optical rotation encoder).
Great efforts spent by Danish engineers to explain everything on the user manual.
Sailor R1120 receiver DOESN’T USE CUSTOM OR SPECIAL PARTS .
So after years, servicing is simple using common (well chosen) electronic components.
All boards are dedicated to a single function , detailed description and two sides board drawings on the service manual.
To keep inside noise low, Danish engineers preferred to limit the synthesizer step down to 100Hz (It is a real receiver not a lab instrument).
Tuning display by green LCD .
Restful cw reading, even by internal loudspeaker. Choosing 600 kHz if frequency, filtering is excellent, deep sides much better than common 9000 kHz filters.
Signals coming out clean, even on wide filters.
It is impressive to compare cw signals even on a modern ham receiver.
The ssb filter shows a 6/60 dB ratio of less than 1,6. It means that a 2350 Hz channel becomes 3700 Hz only, down 60dB.
Cw filters are superb and the very narrow filter BW = +/-190 Hz.
Quite unusual, but useful: a page dedicated to operational tips for AGC use and another page voted to noise blanking (NB not used ! ). This is a marine oceanic receiver and have to struggle against statics expecially in tropical zones.
Last but not least: R1120 Sailor claimes an inside TCXO at 10 MHz: excellent and guaranteed frequency stability .
A couple of videos filmed by me iz7DJR / Nino Paglialonga
ITT Mackay, very popular between us, produced several radio gears for Merchant Marine, on the last productions realized very fine HF receiver and one of them was the model 3031A, below the video some features, unfortunately there are not online a clip for this model but has been decided to post one video of a modern Mackay receiver (3020 model) to have an idea about the quality of these apparatus:
The 3030A is a fully synthesized, dual conversion, maritime and fixed station communications receiver. It covers a continuous frequency range from 15 KHz to 29.99999 MHz tunable in 10 Hz increments. Operating modes are AM, USB, RTTY, and CW (fixed, variable, and preset).
The receiver is solid state and employs modular construction. There are printed circuit boards most of which are housed in chassis mounted plug-in modules. The 3031A is capable of fully synthesized high resolution tuning of 10 Hz increments, but by using features found on the receiver, tuning of resolution finer than 5 Hz can be realized. In addition, the 3031A is designed with 1 ppm (part per million) high stability and this gives the user a maximum potential of error reading of 30 Hz of the exact frequency of the received signal at 30 MHz.
The Mackay receivers are highly regarded for longwave tuning. While they perform quite well on the HF bands, they were designed for maritime use which included hearing signal beacons in the longwave frequency spectrum. Few commercial receivers can equal this performance using the combination of preselector and tuning and so the Mackay receivers have a strong following for DXers who enjoy hearing signals in the longwave range.
Another unique feature of this 3031A was the selection of CW modes. Okay, you ask, so what is the difference.
CW Fixed: Allows the operator to center the CW signal to the middle of the IF bandwidth. This allows both the ability to zero beat the signal, but also allows for the exact identification of received frequency. Thus, this is the first step to tuning a CW signal.
CW Preset: After tuning in a signal, the operator switches to this mode to get the proper audio tone for good copy of the signal. Thus, this is a convenient method of quickly moving from the Fixed CW to a copyable CW. The manual directs operators to use either the .4 KHz or the 1 KHz filters for regular CW reception, but that the wider 2 and 8 KHz filters may be used to help search and locate the signals when exact CW frequency is not known.
CW Var (variable): This mode is used if the operator desires a tone that is different than the standard fixed CW tone. In this mode, the operator would tune the BFO control to the listener preference of receiving tone. Thus, this mode of CW is typical of most receivers and is less convenient than the CW preset mode.
If you look at the mode selection knob, you will notice something unusual….there is no LSB! This is due to the fact that since this was designated as a marine receiver, it had no need for LSB as all maritime communication is in USB. In fact, by not having it available prevents operator error in receiving such maritime signals by inadvertently selecting the incorrect receiving mode. However, not to worry. CW Var mode and tuned the BFO for clarity so that getting the LSB was possible and sounds great.
Another feature that seems very unique to this 3031A receiver is the Speech Clarifier. By pulling out this knob, the operator unlocks the synthesizer and can vary the tuned frequency. Because the receiver can tune in 10 Hz increments without the clarifier, this knob is not normally used. But if desired or necessary, the user can literally fine tune with extreme precision.
At this point additional standard features and specs of this Mackay 3031A receiver:
The 3031A comes with a standard IEC power connector and a 3031A operation manual.
the United States had own factories producing famous radio gears but not devoted only for their own use, also ships or shore radio stations of foreign Countries used these equipments but not so largely than European or Japanese productions.This short review to remember the famous RCA receiver model AR-8516 both for shore or sea applications:
|Tubes 18: 3BZ6 3CB6 3CB6 3BZ6 3CB6 7AU7 3CB6 3BZ6 3BZ6 3BZ6 3AL5 7AU7 5U8 3BE6 5U8 3AL5 7AU7 12CU5|
|Principle||Supereterodyne double / triple conversion; ZF/IF 1090-3090/455/45 kHz|
|Bands||Long waves, Medium waves, Short waves|
|Power Supply||AC/DC 115; 230 Volt|
|Audio power||1 W|
|Model||Communications Receiver AR-8516 – RCA Radiomarine Products|
|Dimensions (LxHxD)||558 x 289 x 444 mm / 22 x 11.4 x 17.5 inch|
RCA Radiomarine Communications Receiver AR-8516: triple conversion receiver covering 80 – 30’000 kHz in 18 continuously tuneable bands, reception modes A1 (CW), A2/A3 (AM), SSB, sensitivity above 3 kHz 2 uV AM, 1 uV CW mode. IF filter (-6/-60 dB) 6/20 kHz, 3/7 kHz, 1,5/6 kHz, 0,8/4 kHz, 0,1 kHz. Tuneable BFO in shortwave bands, noise blanker.
Triple conversion superhet, 1st IF 1090-3090 kHz (or 2000-4000 kHz) tuneable, 2nd IF 455 kHz (mechanical IF filter), 45 kHz.
Powered by 115 V DC or AC 45-65 Hz, 230 V with optional RM-288 Resistor unit, to be used from different power systems onboard ships. Accessories: RM-288 resistor unit for 230 V use, RM-289 isolation transformer 115/230V AC, RM-290 loudspeaker unit. Desktop cabinet or 19 inch relay rack. The sister model RCA Radiomarine CRM-R6A with different tube is the standard AC mains version. Of the receiver AR-8516, only one small badge is reported to be made in 1961.
|Weight||41 kg / 90 lb 4.9 oz (90.308 lb)|
our friend OM Geoff POWELL – M1EDF – from England had some correspondance with OM Zele on board M/V SIDER MOMPOX and reported me the following maritime mobile activity;
thanks for all QSO and your QSL card. I receive your lettet but have not time to answer, i will do when I next time be at home.
Now I am on other vessel, Sider Mompox, in this moment in Barraquilla, Colombia. For few days we sailing to Turkey and I will be on the air again, so maybe catch you again
Best 73’s de Zele YU2AX/mm
picture from: http://jproc.ca
largely used on cargo ships the APOLLO receiver made the history of marine communications, interesting features, two separated VFO and good filtering, the VFO for marine bands was extremely stable thanks to the Xtal oven, personally used I found it very reliable, For this receiver no videos around the web.
Here some carhacterictics:
Type: General purpose, SSB marine receiver ; solid state.
Frequency Range: 10 kHz to 28 MHz in ten ranges.
Circuits: Single conversion superhet from 15 kHz to 1.4 MHz. Above 1.4 MHz, it operates as double conversion superhet.
Power Mains: 105-130 VAC or 210-260 VAC .
Manufactured between: 1970 and 1982.
Comments: Although this is a solid state receiver, it is nonetheless the first of the main Marconi receivers used during the transitionary period from tubes to solid state. Apollo was basically a tube design but with
transistors substituted for the tubes.
some words about the well known receiver produced by DANCOM in the 80’s and largely used also on Passenger ships, not a real excellent receiver but much appreciated for easy operation.
Danish Marine Communications (Dancom) R-203 solid state receiver made in the early 80s.
Digital rack mount unit.
Covers 10 kHz to 30 MHz in 1MHz switched bands.
Uses crystal-bridge type filtering, where the crystals defined the upper and lower limits to the IF passband.
It will operate from mains or a 24 VDC supply.
Main problems: medium quality mechanic expecially in the band switch and no good enough during SITOR operations too much noisy.
(In 1973 3 Danish engineers from S.P radio established a spin of company “Dancom producing maritime communication equipment. Dancom went through some financial difficulties in the 80s and was restructured and renamed Dancall radio in 1983).
here some informations about a really well made marine receiver SAIT/PLESSEY model PR155, this kind of receiver was used also in coast radio stations such as CAPE TOWN RADIO c/s ZSC.
|Country Gran Bretagna (Regno Unito)
Producer Plessey; Ilford
|Principle||Wadley-Loop (supereterodyne double conversion); ZF/IF 37300 kHz, solid state|
|Bands||Long waves, Medium waves, Short waves|
|Power supply||(AC) / 110-125 / 200-240 / (DC) 24 Volt|
|Audio power||0,5 W excellent quality|
|Dimension (LxHxD)||16.75 x 7 x 17 inch / 425 x 178 x 432 mm|
|Notes||Triple conversion Receiver, coverage 15 – 30.000 kHz, AM/USB/LSB/CW, BFO ± 8 kHz, 0.5 µV sensitivity, analogue frequency readout (1/3 kHz!), “Wadley loop” technique with MHz selector and 0 – 1000 kHz film dial.|
|Weight||17.2 kg / 37 lb 14.2 oz (37.885 lb)|
picture from: http://www.heinemoradio.se
DRAKE Company produced a long serie of general communications receivers, some of them dedicated to marine radio communications, the MSR-2 is one example of these very good equipments employed on several cargo ships of many flags, Drake has been one of the first Company to supply their receivers with the digital frequency readout.
On the video below it is showed the DSR-2 receiver very similar to the MSR-2 that’s because on the web a video of MSR-2 is not available
|Type: solid state|
|Principle||Supereterodyne double / triple conversion; ZF/IF 50500/50 kHz|
|Bands||Medium waves and Short waves|
|Power supply||AC 120/240 Volt|
|Power audio out||2 W|
|Size (LxHxD)||480 x 133 x 380 mm / 18.9 x 5.2 x 15 inch|
Coverage 10 kHz – 30 MHz, AM, CW, USB/LSB, ISB;
|Weight||11.5 kg / 25 lb 5.3 oz (25.33 lb)|
picture from rigpix
this is a short review about the good old Eddystone receiver model 830, the receiver born as general communications receiver was employed also for marine radiocommunications, below its features:
|General Coverage Communications Receiver|
|Made In: England 1965-1969||Voltages: 110/125 200/250 VAC|
|Coverage: 300 – 30000 kHz.||Readout: Analog|
|Modes: AM/LSB/USB/CW||Selectivity: 6/3/1.3 kHz -6dB.|
|Circuit: Double Conversion Superheterodyne. 15 Tubes.||Physical: 16.75×8.75xx15″ 49 Lbs 426x222x381mm 22 kg|
Circuit Complement: 6ES8 RF Amp, 6AK5 1st Mixer, 6U8 1st Local Osc, 6AK5 2nd Mixer, 6C4 2nd Local Osc, 6BA6 1st IF, 6BA6 2nd IF, 6AL5 NL, 6AU6 IF Output Cathode Follower, 6AT6 AM Detector/AGC, 6AQ5 Audio Output, 6AU6 Crystal Calibrator, 6BE6 CW/SSB Detector and (2) 0A2 HT Stabilizer.
|Features: • ¼” Head. Jack • S-Meter • Rack Handles • Calibrator 100 kHz • RF Gain • BFO • Mute • 8 Crystal Positions • Dial Light • Speaker Out • Line Out • IF Out|
|Accessories: Rack Mount, EP20 Panoramic Adapter|
Variants: The 830/2 is the general production version. Model 830/1 is identical to the 830/2, but has a smaller “pointer” knobs for Selectivity, Mode switch and AGC/NL switch. Model 830/3 uses a different RF Gain knob than the 830/2. Model 830/4 Canadian version, covers 120-560 and 1500-30000 kHz. and features a different mains connector, cabinet screws and incremental scale. Model 830/5 is Swedish version with a different antenna jack. Models ending in /RM are for rack mounting.